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libros

Diffraction and Imaging Techniques in Material Science

Identificadores:  ISBN 978-0-444-85128-4 (en línea)

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Diffraction and Imaging Techniques in Material Science describes the various methods used to study the atomic structure of matter at an atomic scale based on the interaction between matter and radiation. It classifies the possible methods of observation by making a list of radiations on the basis of wavelength, including ions, X-ray photons, neutrons, and electrons. It also discusses transmission electron microscopy, the weak-beam method of electron microscopy, and some applications of transmission electron microscopy to phase transitions.
Organized into 13 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the kinematic theory of electron diffraction and the ways to treat diffraction by a deformed crystal. It discusses the dynamical theory of diffraction of fast electrons, the treatment of absorption in the dynamical theory of electron diffraction, the use of electron microscopy to study planar interfaces, and analysis of weak-beam images. The book also covers the use of computed electron micrographs in defect identification, crystallographic analysis of dislocation loops containing shear components, and detection and identification of small coherent particles. In addition, the reader is introduced to interpretation of diffuse scattering and short-range order, along with the crystallography of martensitic transformations. The remaining chapters focus on the working principle of the transmission electron microscope, experimental structure imaging of crystals, and the study of diffuse scattering effects originating from substitutional disorder and displacement disorder.
The information on diffraction and imaging techniques in material science contained in this book will be helpful to students, researchers, and scientists.
libros

Diffraction from Materials

Identificadores:  ISBN 978-0-12-632550-8 (en línea)

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Diffraction from Materials provides the basic information concerning crystal symmetry, the kinematic scattering theory, as well as the physical properties of x-rays, electrons, and neurons. This book explores the crystalline nature of metals, semiconductors, and insulators.
Organized into eight chapters, this volume starts with an overview of the basic ideas associated with the arrangements of atoms in crystals to help readers understand why diffraction studies are useful in learning about crystals. This book considers the analytical and geometrical methods to represent the symmetry relationships for the atoms in crystals. Other chapters examine the production of radiation suitable for diffraction from materials. The final chapter examines the various techniques for x-ray topography, including the Schulz technique, the Guinier and Tennevin technique, and the Berg–Barret method.
This book is a valuable resource for electrical, civil, mechanical, and chemical engineers. This text will also be useful to materials scientists, chemists, biologists, and physicists.
libros

Diffusion in Solids: Recent Developments

Identificadores:  ISBN 978-0-12-522660-8 (en línea)

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Diffusion in Solids: Recent Developments provides an overview of diffusion in crystalline solids. This book discusses the various aspects of the theory of diffusion.
Organized into nine chapters, this volume starts with a discussion on the process of diffusion in solids. This book then examines the tools that supplement the conventional diffusion measurements, including electromigration, ionic conductivity, isotope effects, and vacancy wind effects. This text explores the molecular dynamic calculation by which the interatomic forces must be assumed. Other chapters discuss the method of measurement of the isotope effect on diffusion, which is the most powerful method of determining relevant information about the correlation factor. This volume extensively discusses diffusion in organic and amorphous materials, as well as interstitial diffusion in solids. The final chapter deals with ionic motion and diffusion in various groups of materials called fast ionic conductors.
Solid-state physicists, materials scientists, physical chemists, and electrochemists will find this book extremely useful.
libros

Digital Communications: Course and Exercises with Solutions

Identificadores:  ISBN 978-1-78548-037-9 (en línea)

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Digital communications plays an important role in numerical transmission systems due to the proliferation of radio beams, satellite, optic fibbers, radar, and mobile wireless systems.

This book provides the fundamentals and basic design techniques of digital communications with an emphasis on the systems of telecommunication and the principles of baseband transmission. With a focus on examples and exercises, this book will prepare you with a practical and real-life treatment of communication problems.

  • A complete analysis of the structures used for emission or reception technology
  • A set of approaches for implementation in current and future circuit design
  • A summary of the design steps with examples and exercises for each circuit
libros

Digital Curation in the Digital Humanities: Preserving and Promoting Archival and Special Collections

Identificadores:  ISBN 978-0-08-100143-1 (en línea)

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Cobertura temática

Archives and special collections departments have a long history of preserving and providing long-term access to organizational records, rare books, and other unique primary sources including manuscripts, photographs, recordings, and artifacts in various formats. The careful curatorial attention to such records has also ensured that such records remain available to researchers and the public as sources of knowledge, memory, and identity. Digital curation presents an important framework for the continued preservation of digitized and born-digital collections, given the ephemeral and device-dependent nature of digital content. With the emergence of analog and digital media formats in close succession (compared to earlier paper- and film-based formats) came new standards, technologies, methods, documentation, and workflows to ensure safe storage and access to content and associated metadata. Researchers in the digital humanities have extensively applied computing to research; for them, continued access to primary data and cultural heritage means both the continuation of humanities scholarship and new methodologies not possible without digital technology. Digital Curation in the Digital Humanities, therefore, comprises a joint framework for preserving, promoting, and accessing digital collections. This book explores at great length the conceptualization of digital curation projects with interdisciplinary approaches that combine the digital humanities and history, information architecture, social networking, and other themes for such a framework. The individual chapters focus on the specifics of each area, but the relationships holding the knowledge architecture and the digital curation lifecycle model together remain an overarching theme throughout the book; thus, each chapter connects to others on a conceptual, theoretical, or practical level.

  • theoretical and practical perspectives on digital curation in the digital humanities and history
  • in-depth study of the role of social media and a social curation ecosystem
  • the role of hypertextuality and information architecture in digital curation
  • study of collaboration and organizational dimensions in digital curation
  • reviews of important web tools in digital humanities
libros

Digital Forensics: Threatscape and Best Practices

Identificadores:  ISBN 978-0-12-804526-8 (en línea)

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Digital Forensics: Threatscape and Best Practices surveys the problems and challenges confronting digital forensic professionals today, including massive data sets and everchanging technology. This book provides a coherent overview of the threatscape in a broad range of topics, providing practitioners and students alike with a comprehensive, coherent overview of the threat landscape and what can be done to manage and prepare for it. Digital Forensics: Threatscape and Best Practices delivers you with incisive analysis and best practices from a panel of expert authors, led by John Sammons, bestselling author of The Basics of Digital Forensics.

  • Learn the basics of cryptocurrencies (like Bitcoin) and the artifacts they generate
  • Learn why examination planning matters and how to do it effectively
  • Discover how to incorporate behaviorial analysis into your digital forensics examinations
  • Stay updated with the key artifacts created by the latest Mac OS, OS X 10.11, El Capitan
  • Discusses the threatscapes and challenges facing mobile device forensics, law enforcement, and legal cases
  • The power of applying the electronic discovery workflows to digital forensics
  • Discover the value of and impact of social media forensics
libros

Digital Futures: Expert Briefings on Digital Technologies for Education and Research

Identificadores:  ISBN 978-0-08-100384-8 (en línea)

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A co-branded book project with Jisc (formerly the Joint Information Systems Commitee), off the back of DigiFest 2014, a digital festival run by Jisc for the first time in 2014. The aim of the book is to bring cutting-edge discussion as heard at DigiFest to the information professional/academic librarian readership. Digital Futures will provide expert briefings to information professionals on the emerging trends in the digital technologies that are transforming teaching and research in higher education.

  • Written by subject experts working at the forefront in emerging trends and digital technologies
  • Encompasses issues that impact across the higher education institution: learning, research and network security
  • Aids strategic thinking and informs decision making
revistas Acceso Abierto

Digital Geography and Society

Identificadores:  ISSN 2666-3783 (en línea)

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libros

Digital Image Processing Techniques

Identificadores:  ISBN 978-0-12-236760-1 (en línea)

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Digital Image Processing Techniques is a state-of-the-art review of digital image processing techniques, with emphasis on the processing approaches and their associated algorithms. A canonical set of image processing problems that represent the class of functions typically required in most image processing applications is presented. Each chapter broadly addresses the problem being considered; the best techniques for this particular problem and how they work; their strengths and limitations; and how the techniques are actually implemented as well as their computational aspects.

Comprised of eight chapters, this volume begins with a discussion on processing techniques associated with the following tasks: image enhancement, restoration, detection and estimation, reconstruction, and analysis, along with image data compression and image spectral estimation. The second section describes hardware and software systems for digital image processing. Aspects of commercially available systems that combine both processing and display functions are considered, as are future prospects for their technological and architectural evolution. The specifics of system design trade-offs are explicitly presented in detail.

This book will be of interest to students, practitioners, and researchers in various disciplines including digital signal processing, computer science, statistical communications theory, control systems, and applied physics.
libros

Digital Integrated Circuit Design Using Verilog and Systemverilog

Identificadores:  ISBN 978-0-12-408059-1 (en línea)

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For those with a basic understanding of digital design, this book teaches the essential skills to design digital integrated circuits using Verilog and the relevant extensions of SystemVerilog. In addition to covering the syntax of Verilog and SystemVerilog, the author provides an appreciation of design challenges and solutions for producing working circuits. The book covers not only the syntax and limitations of HDL coding, but deals extensively with design problems such as partitioning and synchronization, helping you to produce designs that are not only logically correct, but will actually work when turned into physical circuits. Throughout the book, many small examples are used to validate concepts and demonstrate how to apply design skills.

This book takes readers who have already learned the fundamentals of digital design to the point where they can produce working circuits using modern design methodologies. It clearly explains what is useful for circuit design and what parts of the languages are only software, providing a non-theoretical, practical guide to robust, reliable and optimized hardware design and development.

  • Produce working hardware: Covers not only syntax, but also provides design know-how, addressing problems such as synchronization and partitioning to produce working solutions
  • Usable examples: Numerous small examples throughout the book demonstrate concepts in an easy-to-grasp manner
  • Essential knowledge: Covers the vital design topics of synchronization, essential for producing working silicon; asynchronous interfacing techniques; and design techniques for circuit optimization, including partitioning