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Journal of Dental Research

Resumen/Descripción – provisto por la editorial en inglés
Journal of Dental Research (JDR) is a peer-reviewed scientific journal dedicated to the dissemination of new knowledge and information on all sciences relevant to dentistry and to the oral cavity and associated structures in health and disease.
Palabras clave – provistas por la editorial

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Institución detectada Período Navegá Descargá Solicitá
No detectada desde ene. 1999 / hasta dic. 2023 SAGE Journals


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ISSN impreso


ISSN electrónico


Editor responsable

SAGE Publishing (SAGE)

País de edición

Estados Unidos

Fecha de publicación

Cobertura temática

Tabla de contenidos

Evidence of Chemical Bonding at Biomaterial-Hard Tissue Interfaces

Y. Yoshida; B. Van Meerbeek; Y. Nakayama; J. Snauwaert; L. Hellemans; P. Lambrechts; G. Vanherle; K. Wakasa

<jats:p> For many years, glass-polyalkenoate cements have been described as possessing the unique properties of self-adherence to human hard tissues, such as bones or teeth. However, direct experimental evidence to prove the existence of chemical bonding has not been advanced. X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) was used to analyze the chemical interaction of a synthesized polyalkenoic acid with enamel and synthetic hydroxyapatite. For both enamel and hydroxyapatite, the peak representing the carboxyl groups of the polyalkenoic acid was detected to have significantly shifted to a lower binding energy. De-convolution of this shifted peak disclosed two components with a peak representing unreacted carboxyl groups and a peak suggesting chemical bonding to hydroxyapatite. On average, 67.5% of the carboxyl groups of the polyalkenoic acid were measured to have bonded to hydroxyapatite. XPS of hydroxyapatite also disclosed its surface to be enriched in calcium and decreased in phosphorus, indicating that phosphorus was extracted at a relatively higher rate than calcium. Analysis of these data supports the mechanism in which carboxylic groups replace phosphate ions (PO<jats:sub> 4</jats:sub><jats:sup>3-</jats:sup>) of the substrate and make ionic bonds with calcium ions of hydroxyapatite. It is concluded that an ultrathin layer of a polyalkenoic acid can be prepared on a hydroxyapatite-based substrate by careful removal of non-bonded molecules. With this specimen-processing method, XPS not only provided direct evidence of chemical bonding, but also enabled us to quantify the percentages of functional groups of the polyalkenoic acids that bonded to calcium of hydroxyapatite. </jats:p>

Palabras clave: General Dentistry.

Pp. 709-714

Adhesion to and Decalcification of Hydroxyapatite by Carboxylic Acids

Y. Yoshida; B. Van Meerbeek; Y. Nakayama; M. Yoshioka; J. Snauwaert; Y. Abe; P. Lambrechts; G. Vanherle; M. Okazaki

<jats:p> Fundamental to the processes of decalcification of or adhesion to mineralized tissues is the molecular interaction of acids with hydroxyapatite. This study was undertaken to chemically analyze the interaction of 1 mono-, 2 di-, 1 tri-, and 2 polycarboxylic acids with hydroxyapatite in an attempt to elucidate the underlying mechanism. Maleic, citric, and lactic acid decalcified hydroxyapatite, in contrast to oxalic acid and the two polycarboxylic acids that were chemically bonded to hydroxyapatite. Solubility tests showed that the calcium salts of the former were very soluble, whereas those of the latter could hardly be dissolved in the respective acid solutions. Based on these data, an adhesion/decalcification concept was advanced that predicts that carboxylic acids, regardless of concentration/pH, either adhere to or decalcify hydroxyapatite, depending on the dissolution rate of the respective calcium salts in the acid solution. This contrasting behavior of organic acids most likely results from their differential structural conformations. </jats:p>

Palabras clave: General Dentistry.

Pp. 1565-1569

Comparative Study on Adhesive Performance of Functional Monomers

Y. Yoshida; K. Nagakane; R. Fukuda; Y. Nakayama; M. Okazaki; H. Shintani; S. Inoue; Y. Tagawa; K. Suzuki; J. De Munck; B. Van Meerbeek

<jats:p> Mild self-etch adhesives demineralize dentin only partially, leaving hydroxyapatite around collagen within a submicron hybrid layer. We hypothesized that this residual hydroxyapatite may serve as a receptor for chemical interaction with the functional monomer and, subsequently, contribute to adhesive performance in addition to micro-mechanical hybridization. We therefore chemically characterized the adhesive interaction of 3 functional monomers with synthetic hydroxyapatite, using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and atomic absorption spectrophotometry. We further characterized their interaction with dentin ultra-morphologically, using transmission electron microscopy. The monomer 10-methacryloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate (10-MDP) readily adhered to hydroxyapatite. This bond appeared very stable, as confirmed by the low dissolution rate of its calcium salt in water. The bonding potential of 4-methacryloxyethyl trimellitic acid (4-MET) was substantially lower. The monomer 2-methacryloxyethyl phenyl hydrogen phosphate (phenyl-P) and its bond to hydroxyapatite did not appear to be hydrolytically stable. Besides self-etching dentin, specific functional monomers have additional chemical bonding efficacy that is expected to contribute to their adhesive potential to tooth tissue. </jats:p>

Palabras clave: General Dentistry.

Pp. 454-458

Post Placement Affects Survival of Endodontically Treated Premolars

M. Ferrari; M.C. Cagidiaco; S. Grandini; M. De Sanctis; C. Goracci

<jats:p> Clinical evidence is lacking regarding the influence of the amount of residual coronal dentin and of post placement on the failure risk of endodontically compromised teeth. The aim of this prospective clinical trial was to assess whether these factors significantly affect the two-year survival of restored pulpless premolars. A sample of 210 individuals provided six experimental groups of 40 premolars in need of endodontic treatment. Groups were defined based on the amount of dentin left at the coronal level. Within each group, in half of the teeth selected at random, a fiber post was inserted inside the root canal, whereas in the remaining half of the premolars, no post was placed. All teeth were covered with a crown. The Cox regression analysis revealed that post placement resulted in a significant reduction of failure risk (p &lt; 0.001). Failure risk was increased for teeth under the “no ferrule” (p = 0.001) and “ferrule effect” conditions (p = 0.004). </jats:p>

Palabras clave: General Dentistry.

Pp. 729-734

Surface Roughness Analysis of Fiber Post Conditioning Processes

C. Mazzitelli; M. Ferrari; M. Toledano; E. Osorio; F. Monticelli; R. Osorio

<jats:p> The chemo-mechanical surface treatment of fiber posts increases their bonding properties. The combined use of atomic force and confocal microscopy allows for the assessment and quantification of the changes on surface roughness that justify this behavior. Quartz fiber posts were conditioned with different chemicals, as well as by sandblasting, and by an industrial silicate/silane coating. We analyzed post surfaces by atomic force microscopy, recording average roughness (R<jats:sub>a</jats:sub>) measurements of fibers and resin matrix. A confocal image profiler allowed for the quantitative assessment of the average superficial roughness (R<jats:sub>a</jats:sub>). Hydrofluoric acid, potassium permanganate, sodium ethoxide, and sandblasting increased post surface roughness. Modifications of the epoxy resin matrix occurred after the surface pre-treatments. Hydrofluoric acid affected the superficial texture of quartz fibers. Surface-conditioning procedures that selectively react with the epoxy-resin matrix of the fiber post enhance roughness and improve the surface area available for adhesion by creating micro-retentive spaces without affecting the post’s inner structure. </jats:p>

Palabras clave: General Dentistry.

Pp. 186-190

Influence of Luting Material Filler Content on Post Cementation

M. Ferrari; C.A. Carvalho; C. Goracci; F. Antoniolli; A. Mazzoni; G. Mazzotti; M. Cadenaro; L. Breschi

<jats:p> Luting of fiber posts to intra-radicular dentin represents the worst-case scenario in terms of control of polymerization shrinkage. This study tested the hypothesis that filler content of resin cements does not influence luting of fiber posts to intra-radicular dentin, by assaying polymerization stress, push-out bond strength, and nanoleakage expression. The polymerization stress of experimental cements containing 10%, 30%, 50%, or 70% in filler content was investigated. Post spaces were prepared in endodontically treated teeth, and fiber posts were cemented with the experimental cements. A push-out test was performed, and interfacial nanoleakage expression was analyzed. Results showed that luting cements with higher filler content were related to increased polymerization stress (p &lt; 0.05), decreased push-out bond strength (p &lt; 0.05), and increased interfacial nanoleakage expression (p &lt; 0.05). Conversely, lower-stress luting materials increased bonding of fiber posts to intra-radicular dentin. Further in vivo studies are needed to investigate the long-term clinical performance of these materials. </jats:p>

Palabras clave: General Dentistry.

Pp. 951-956